The nature in the Chapada Diamantina is lush and in a great many areas, untouched. There are daily trips taken by tourists which will take your breath away and these tourists come from all over the world. The area is enormous and there is a total of 84,000 square km, with 152 hectares just within the Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina. More generally, the Chapada da Diamantina boasts some of Brazil’s finest plains, caves, mountains, rivers, waterfalls and lakes, and the altitude of the mountains of the region can reach between 400m up to 1,600m. Within the Parque da Chapada Diamantina the climate is generally tropical, semi-humid, although there are some parts of the region which are semi-arid.
One of the most popularly visited attractions of the Chapada Diamantina are it‘s caves, and they can be found within the entire region. Most of them have rock formations made from calcareous, glacial sediments and gneiss rocks.
There are huge areas of Atlantic rainforest in Lençóis, spread about canyons, hills and caves. Across the many areas which make up the Chapada Diamantina, there are a whole array of different plant species. Amongst the most popular re orchids, unha-de-vaca, bromeliads, evergreens and gravatá-de-cacho.
The wildlife in the Chapada Diamantina region includes many different species of mammals, birds and reptiles. Hidden in the vegetation between the hills you can typically see birds such as macaws, small finches and parakeets. You can also see larger animals such as capybara, jaguars and deers, and amongst the most commonly seen reptiles are snakes such as pythons and anacondas.
With such a rich and diverse amount of nature, there is obviously an awareness and consciousness amongst the local communities with preserving the environment and protecting it’s animals within the Chapada Diamantina. The town of Lençóis relies on groups and non-government organisations (ONG) to help to preserve the nature as well as educate locals and tourists about the importance of preserving the flora and fauna of the Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina.

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