In addition to the trails through native forest, refreshing waterfalls and hills and mountains, the Chapada Diamantina is also famous for the abundance of caves that it houses. Amongst the most well-known caves are the Lapa Doce, Gruta da Pratinha, Gruta Azul and Torrinha.
The Gruta Torrinha is considered to be the richest in Brazil with a great diversity of rock formations which have been naturally sculptured over centuries. The Gruta da Torrinha in the Chapada da Diamantina was discovered around 1850 and is rich in decorations such as gypsum which resembles needles of about 60cm long and aragonite flowers with a glass appearance.
The Torrinha is found in a private area in Iraquara, and to visit the Torrinha in the Parque Nacional da Chapada Diamantina you will need to be accompanied by a guide for a tour which lasts on average between 1 and 2 hours. Visitors need to be flexible and relatively fit to be able to move around within the cave, and if you are looking to see rarer forms, you will need to go into the second and third rooms where you will sees helictites, the eccentric aragonite flowers and the finer of the gypsum needles. You will also need some safety equipment such as a helmet.